Comparison of physical fitness performance between elementary-age students with and without attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.

Abstract:

The purpose of this investigation was to analyze the possible differences between the physical fitness performances of elementary age students with and without Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Little research has been produced in the area of youth with ADHD and motor development; this research paper is presented as a source for further investigation on the effects of ADHD and motor development within elementary age students. The participants included 51 elementary age students between the ages of 7 and 10. These participants include 8 with ADHD (3 females, 5 males, mean age of 7.75) and 43 without ADHD (21 females, 22 males, mean age of 8.23). They received measures on seven test-items selected from the President’s Physical Fitness Challenge, including curl-up, push-up, pull-up, flexed-arm hang, sit-and-reach, endurance run, and shuttle run. Simple multivariable analysis (MANOVA) and one variable analysis (ANOVA) were utilized to analyze the differences between students with and without ADHD. Results showed very little difference between the two groups. Follow-up tests again showed little variance, even when compared against gender and age. These findings revealed that young adults with ADHD are on par and/or show performance similar to their peers on fitness performances assessments.

End Date:

August 2011

Funding:

N/A - Master's Thesis

Publication:

Colombo-Dougovito, A. (2013). Comparison of physical fitness performance between elementary-age students with and without attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. The Physical Educator, 70(3), 262-280.

Presentation:

Colombo-Dougovito, A. Comparison of Fitness Performance between Children with and without ADHD. At AAHPERD National Convention, Charlotte, NC. April, 2013.